Hamstring Strain – Basingstoke
Hamstring Strain or pull is a stretch or tear of the hamstring (back of thigh) muscles or tendons. This is a very common injury, especially in activities that involve sprinting or explosive accelerations. A common cause of a hamstring strain is muscle imbalance between the hamstring and the quadriceps, with the quadriceps being much stronger.
Any of the hamstring muscles can be strained. Commonly minor tears happen in the belly of the biceps femoris closest to the knee. Complete tears or ruptures usually pull away from the attachment as well.
Cause of Injury
Strength imbalance between the hamstrings and the quadriceps. Forceful stretching of the muscle, especially during contraction. Excessive overload on the muscle.
Signs and Symptoms of Hamstring Strain
Grade 1: mildly tender and painful. Little or no swelling. Full muscular strength
Grade 2: more pain and tenderness. Moderate swelling and possible bruising. Gait affected-limping.
Grade 3: extreme pain. Moderate swelling and possible bruising. Inability to bear weight.
Complications if left unattended
Pain and tightness in the hamstring muscles will get worse without treatment. Tightness in the hamstrings can lead to lower back and hip problems. Untreated strains can progress into a full rupture.
Immediate Treatment of Hamstring Strain
Rice (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) procedure. Immobilisation in severe cases then heat and massage to promote blood flow and healing.
Rehab and Prevention of Hamstring Strain
Stretching after the initial pain subsides will help speed up recovery and prevent future recurrences. Strengthening of the hamstrings to balance them with the quadriceps is also important. When re-entering activity, gradual increase in intensity is important.
Long Term Prognosis of Hamstring Strain
Hamstring strains that are rehabilitated fully rarely leave any lingering effects. Complete ruptures may require surgery to repair and long term rehab
The Optimal Sports Therapy Centre is located in Basingstoke, Hampshire and is ideally placed for travel from Basingstoke, Hook, Fleet, Hartley Whintney, Camberley, Farnborough, Aldershot, Andover, Overton, Whitchurch, Newbury or Reading.